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Fork Lift Truck

What is an "FLT"?


FLT is an acronym for "Fork Lift Truck".

Forklift Trucks: The Versatile Workhorses of Material Handling

forklift truck lifting a pallet of goods

forklift truck lifting a pallet of goods

Forklift trucks, also known as industrial trucks, lift trucks, jitneys, hi-los, fork trucks, fork hoists, and forklift trucks, are powered industrial trucks used to lift and move materials over short distances. They are an essential piece of equipment in manufacturing and warehousing, and they are also used in a variety of other industries, such as construction, retail, and transportation.

Components of a Forklift Truck

A forklift truck consists of several key components, including:

  • Chassis: The chassis is the frame of the forklift truck, and it supports all of the other components.
  • Mast: The mast is the vertical assembly that raises and lowers the forks.
  • Forks: The forks are the two metal prongs that are used to lift and move materials.
  • Counterweight: The counterweight is a heavy weight that is located at the rear of the forklift truck. It helps to balance the weight of the load so that the forklift truck does not tip over.
  • Powertrain: The powertrain consists of the engine, transmission, and drive axles. It provides the power to move the forklift truck.
  • Hydraulic system: The hydraulic system is used to raise and lower the forks.
  • Controls: The controls allow the operator to control the forklift truck's movement, including forward, reverse, lift, and lower.

Types of Forklift Trucks

There are many different types of forklift trucks, each designed for a specific application. Some of the most common types of forklift trucks include:

  • Counterbalanced forklifts: Counterbalanced forklifts are the most common type of forklift truck. They are named after the counterweight that is located at the rear of the truck.
  • Reach forklifts: Reach forklifts are designed to lift and move loads in narrow aisles. They have a telescopic mast that extends and retracts to reach loads that are located high above or deep within an aisle.
  • Turret forklifts: Turret forklifts are similar to reach forklifts, but they have a rotating mast that allows them to pick up loads from any side.
  • Order pickers: Order pickers are designed to pick up individual items from shelves or racks. They have a platform that raises and lowers the operator to the level of the load.
  • Pallet jacks: Pallet jacks are small, manual forklifts that are used to move pallets over short distances.
  • Rough terrain forklifts: Rough terrain forklifts are designed to operate on uneven or unpaved surfaces. They have large tires and a high ground clearance.

Safety When Operating a Forklift Truck

Forklift trucks can be dangerous if they are not operated safely. It is important to always follow the manufacturer's operating instructions and to be aware of your surroundings when operating a forklift truck. Some of the most important safety tips for operating a forklift truck include:

  • Wear a seatbelt at all times.
  • Do not overload the forklift truck.
  • Be aware of your surroundings and watch out for pedestrians and other vehicles.
  • Do not travel at excessive speeds.
  • Do not make sudden turns or stops.
  • Always use the proper lifting techniques.
  • Never leave a forklift truck unattended with the engine running.

Forklift trucks are essential pieces of equipment in many industries. They are versatile and powerful, and they can be used to lift and move a wide variety of materials. By following the safety tips outlined above, you can help to ensure that you and others stay safe when operating a forklift truck.



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Published: Mon 20 Nov 2023

Updated: Thu 11 Apr 2024

Don-Bur (Bodies & Trailers) Ltd

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